The Rights of the Council
The most important right of a local council which allows the council to make a decision on behalf of the local government or the council itself
- Enacting/revising/abolishing ordinances
- Deliberating on/confirming budget proposals
- Approving settlement of accounts
- Establishing/managing a fund
- Imposing and collecting royalties, commissions, allotted charges, local taxes or entrance fees other than those that are specified in the law
- Acquiring and disposing of important properties
- Managing installation of and disposal of public facilities
- Relocating/establishing local government offices
- Other matters within its authority pursuant to the law
Administrative and Supervisory Right
A local council possesses the administrative work inspection right that allows the council to inspect overall administrative work of the local government and the administrative work investigation right that allows the council to investigate the particular administrative work determined by the local council.
- The administrative work inspection (annually, for up to 9 days during aregular session)
- The administrative work investigation (as needed if so determined at a regular session)
The Right of Autonomy
A local council’s right to govern its organization and operation on its own without the intervention or interference of any external organization such as the government and the executive agency.
- Decisions on convocation of a special session, opening/recess/closing of a session, and the term of the session
- Establishing the council’s operating rules including the rules for meetings
- The right to organize the council and to suggest proposals
- The right to elect the chairperson and vice-chairperson and to hold a vote on no-confidence motion against the chairperson and vice-chairperson
- The right to decide on qualification of/disciplinary actions against council members
This is an important right that is closely related to the right of autonomy, which includes the right to vote for a chairperson, a vice-chairperson, a special committee chairperson, committee members and a settlement inspector.
The Right to Handle Petitions
This is the right that is granted to an organization representing residents to receive and deal with the civil petition filed by a local resident with the introduction by one or more member of the council, and the council shall not receive any petition that has an impact on a trial or that goes against laws and regulations.
The right to express opinions
This is a right that is complementary and supplementary to the voting right and supervisory right of a local council.
- Adopting proposals and resolutions
- Making suggestions to the executive agency, central government organizations, other local governments, and other public or private institutions
- Listening to opinions on decisions for urban planning, change of names/districts by the local government, etc.
The right to Request Submission of Documents
The right that allows a local council to request submission of the documents that are directly related to the inspection, investigation and deliberation of certain agenda items in order to effectively inspect administrative work of the executive agency and facilitate the deliberation of agenda items.
The Right to Summon and examine
A plenary session or committees of a local council can summon local government heads or relevant public servants in order to ask them questions in relation to the execution of administrative work or the deliberation of agenda items.